04 Jul

Completing a non-obligatory prayer or fast

It is mustahabb for a person to complete a non-obligatory fast or non-obligatory prayer he has began. It is permissible for him to exit the fast or prayer without having to make it up regardless of if he exits based on a legitimate excuse or not. This is the opinion of the following Companions:

 

Umar

Ali

Ibn Umar

Ibn Abbaas

Ibn Mas'uud

 

It is the opinion, among the jurists, of 'ishaaQ, Maalik, and al-thawri.

 

Maalik holds the opinion that it is permissible to exit a non-obligatory prayer or fast for a legitimate reason. If a person exits the act before completing it without a legitimate excuse then it is necessary for him to make it up.

 

Abu Hanifah holds the opinion that one has to make up the non-obligatory prayer or fast if he exits the act prior to completion regardless of if he exits because of a legitimate excuse or not.

 

 

al-haawii al-kabiir

Volume 3 Page 468

 

04 Jul

Maalik’s ta’wiil of sitting on the grave

Abu Marthad al-Ghanawi reported Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

Do not sit on the graves and do not pray facing towards them.

[Sahih Muslim]

 

 

Maalik made ta'wiil of this hadith and said that sitting is only forbidden if one does it to relieve himself. He made this ta'will based on the following in Muwatta

 

 

It reached Malik that he had heard that AIi ibn Abi Talib used to rest his head on graves and lie on them.

Malik said, "As far as we can see, it is only forbidden to sit on graves to relieve oneself."

 

 

التوضيح في شرح المختصر الفرعي لابن الحاجب

Page 289 Volume 1

 

26 Jun

Beautiful sequence in Qur’aan

Say, "O People of the Scripture, why do you disbelieve in the verses of Allah while Allah is Witness over what you do?"

Say, "O People of the Scripture, why do you avert from the way of Allah those who believe, seeking to make it [seem] deviant, while you are witnesses [to the truth]? And Allah is not unaware of what you do."

[Qur’aan 3: Verses 98 and 99]


Allaah has denounced the People of the Book for two things in the above Verses:

 

He denounced them for their disbelief
He denounced them for pushing others into disbelief

 

Then, when He addressed the believers, He ordered them to have Taqwaa and Imaan.


O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].

[Qur’aan 3:102]

 


Then, He ordered them to work to helping others towards Imaan and obedience (of Allaah).

 


And let there be [arising] from you a nation inviting to [all that is] good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those will be the successful.

[Qur’aan 3:104]


And this is a beautiful sequence which conforms to the intellect.

 

18 Jun

Your good deeds are of no avail if you leave Islam

And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers."

[Qur’aan 39:65]

 

He who leaves Islaam will not benefit from the good deeds he did while he was a Muslim.

 

If a person dies while in the state of being a kaafir, he will abide in hell forever.

 

If a person had performed the obligatory Hajj of Islaam and then became an apostate and then became a Muslim again, then according to the Madhhab of al-Shaafi'i he does not have to perform the Hajj again while according to Maalik he has to perform the obligatory Hajj of Islaam again.

 

07 Jun

Ask protection against the evil of your Nafs

And I do not acquit myself. Indeed, the soul is a persistent enjoiner of evil, except those upon which my Lord has mercy. Indeed, my Lord is Forgiving and Merciful."

[Qur’aan 12:53]

 

The Nafs orders you to do that which it desires even if the Pleasure of Allaah is not in it. Only those who Allaah has mercy on are saved from following the desires of their Nafs. Only they are able to keep themselves from following the evil their Nafs commands them to indulge in.

 

Make dua Allaah has mercy on you and keeps you safe from the evil of your Nafs.

 

Abu Rashid Al-Hubrani said:

"I came to 'Abdullah bin 'Amr and said to him: 'Report something to me that you heard from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam).' So he set forth before me a scroll and said: 'This is what the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) wrote for me.'" He said: "So I looked in it and found in it: 'Indeed, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "O Messenger of Allah, teach me what to say at morning and afternoon."

He said: "O Abu Bakr, say: 'O Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, there is none worthy of worship except You, Lord of everything and its Owner, I seek refuge in You from the evil of my NAFS and from the evil of Shaitaan and his Shirk, or that I should do some evil to myself or bring it upon a Muslim


(Allāhumma fāṭiras-samāwāti wal-arḍi, `ālimal-ghaibi wash-shahādati, lā ilāha illā anta, rabba kulli shai’in wa malīkahu, a`ūdhu bika min sharri nafsī wa min sharrish-shaiṭāni wa sharakihi, wa an aqtarifa `alā nafsī sū’an, aw ajurrahu ilā muslim).'""

[Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi Hadith No. 3529]


Arabic of Dua

اللَّهُمَّ فَاطِرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ عَالِمَ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ رَبَّ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَمَلِيكَهُ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ نَفْسِي وَمِنْ شَرِّ الشَّيْطَانِ وَشَرَكِهِ وَأَنْ أَقْتَرِفَ عَلَى نَفْسِي سُوءًا أَوْ أَجُرَّهُ إِلَى مُسْلِمٍ

 

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