28 Oct

Second congregation in a mosque

Ahmad, 'isHaaQ and the Zaahiriyah hold the opinion that it is permissible to hold a second congregation for a prayer in a mosque where a congregation for the prayer has been held. 

al-baghawi says: It is the opinion of more than one from among the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) and Taabi'uun (may Allaah have mercy on them).

 

28 Oct

Child born of fornication

al-Hasan al-Basri said:

The child born from fornication and others are the same. 

It has transmitted from 'Aishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when she was asked about the child born from fornication, she replied: Nothing is upon him [i.e. he is not responsible for anything] of the mistakes of his parents.

 

Reference(s):

tamaam al-minnah
Volume 1 Page 342
 

28 Oct

Laughing and smiling in prayer

If you laugh, your prayer becomes invalid. Ibn Mundhir has transmitted an Ijmaa on this point. 

Smiling does not invalidate the prayer according to the majority of the people of knowledge.
 

28 Oct

Who should say the ‘iQaamah

The Shaafi'i and Hanbali opinion

The person who gives the adhaan should say the 'iQaamah. This is the view of the Shaafi'i and Hanbali schools of thought. They based their opinion on the following weak narration.

 

It was narrated that Ziyad bin Harith As-Suda'i said:

"I was with the Messenger of Allah on a journey, and he commanded me to call the Adhan. Bilal wanted to call the Iqamah, but the Messenger of Allah said: 'The brother of Suda' called the Adhan, and the one who calls the Adhan is the one who calls the Iqamah.'"

[Sunan Ibn Majah 717]

 

Their second form of evidence for this view of theirs is as follows: The adhaan and 'iQaamah are both forms of dhikr which precede the prayer. One person should handle the responsibility for both acts just like one person handles the responsibility for giving the two khutbah [before Friday prayer].

The scholars of the Hanafi school agree with the Shaafi'i and Hanbali scholars in this matter in the case where the person who gives the adhaan would feel hurt if someone else said the 'iQaamah because it is not permissible to hurt another Muslim's feelings.

 

The Maaliki opinion

One person can give the adhaan; another person can say the 'iQaamah. They based their opinion on the following weak hadith:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Zayd:

The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) intended to do many things for calling (the people) to prayer, but he did not do any of them. Then Abdullah ibn Zayd was taught in a dream how to pronounce the call to prayer. He came to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and informed him. He said: Teach it to Bilal. He then taught him, and Bilal made a call to prayer. Abdullah said: I saw it in a dream and I wished to pronounce it, but he (the Prophet) said: You should pronounce iqamah.

[Sunan Abi Dawud Hadith No. 512]

Their other evidence is that the goal is served. It is as if both undertook the responsibility of the adhaan and 'iQaamah together. 

 

The Hanafi position

They support the position of the Maaliki school provided that the feelings of the one who gives the adhaan is not hurt if someone else says the 'iQaamah.

 

Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh


 

25 Oct

Is it part of every Suurah?

Bismillaahir rahmaanir rahiim is written before every Suurah [with the exception of Suurah at-Tawbah]. The scholars disagree if it is from the Qur'aan in this place.

It is not a part of the Qur'aan. It is written only to derive blessing from it. This is the Madhhab of Maalik and a group from among the Hanafi. It is an opinion among the Hanaabilah.

It is either a Verse or a portion of a Verse from every Suurah. This is the Madhhab of al-Shaafi'i.

It is from the Qur'aan where it is written as a Verse from the Book of Allaah at the beginning of every Suurah but is not a part of the Suurah. This is the Madhhab of Ibn Mubaraak, Ahamd, and others.

 

Reference(s):

Majmuu' al-fataawaa
Volume 22 Page 438-439

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