Category Archives: Fiqh

18 Nov

Are the Nawaafil prayers to be prayed in two, three, or four Rak’ah

Imaam al-Shaafi'i and Maalik say that the optional prayer of the night and day are prayed in two Rak'ah. You say Salaam after every two Rak'ah. There evidence is the following hadith:

 

 

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"The night prayer is (to be offered) two by two."

[Sunan Ibn Maajah Hadith No. 1380]

 

 


Abu Hanifah says that if you wish you can pray two Rak'ah, three Rak'ah, four Rak'ah, six Rak'ah, or eight Rak'ah without separating between them with a Salaam. His evidence is the Zaahir of the following (a)hadith:

 

 

Narrated Abu Salama bin `Abdur-Rahman:

That he asked `Aisha "How was the prayer of Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) in the month of Ramadan?" She replied, "He used not to pray more than eleven rak`at whether in Ramadan or in any other month. He used to offer four rak`at, let alone their beauty and length, and then four rak`at, let alone their beauty and length. Afterwards he would offer three rak`at. I said, 'O Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)! Do you go to bed before offering the witr prayer?' He said, 'My eyes sleep, but my heart does not sleep."'

[Sahih al-Bukhaari Hadith No. 3569]

 

 

The above mentioned tradition [this portion does not refer to the hadith above but to the hadith in Sunan Abi Dawud before this one] has also been narrated by Qatadah through a different chain of narrators. This version adds:

He used to pray eight rak'ahs during which he did not sit except in the eighth rak'ah. He would sit, make mention of Allah, supplicate Him and then utter the salutation so loudly that we could hear it. He would then pray two rak'ahs sitting after he had uttered the salutation. Then he would pray one rak'ah, and that made eleven rak'ahs, O my son. When the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) grew old and became fleshy, he offered seven rak'ahs of witr, and then he would pray two rak'ahs sitting after he had uttered the salutation. The narrator narrated the tradition to the same effect till the end.

[Sunan Abi Dawud Hadith No. 1343]

 

 

Another group has said that the optional prayer of the night is to be done in two Rak'ah whereas the optional prayer of the day is done in four Rak'ah. 

 

 

Reference(s):

بداية المجتهد ونهاية المقتصد
Volume 1 Page 217

 

17 Nov

Two Rak’ah Sunnah before fajr

Do you recite loudly or silently in the two Rak'ah Sunnah which you pray before the fajr prayer?

 

One group has said you recite silently based on the following hadith:

 

It was narrated that Aishah said:

"I would see the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) praying two rak'ahs of Fajr and making them so brief that I said: 'Did he recite the Umm Al-Kitab in them?'"

[Sunan al-Nasaa’i Hadith No. 946]

 

The evidence is that had he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited loudly then she (may Allaah be pleased with her) would have known how much he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited.

 

The second group says that you are to recite loudly based on the following hadith

 

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited: "Say: O you disbelievers" and "Say: He is Allah, (the) One" in the two rak'ahs of [the Sunnah of] Fajr.

[Sunan al-Nasaa’i Hadith No. 945]

 

The evidence is that Abu Hurairah (may Allaah be pleased with him) could have only known which Suurah were recited had he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited out loud.

 

01 Nov

To pay to give the adhaan

You hire a person to say
the adhaan and 'iQaamah. 

You pay him.

This is not permissible.
The early Hanafis held this
view. This is also one view
among the Shaafi'i, Maaliki,
and Hanbali schools of thought.

The evidence is the following hadiith:

Uthman bin Abi Al-As narrated:

"Indeed, among the last (of orders) 
Allah's Messenger ordered me with was 
to employ a Mu'adh-dhin who would not 
take a wage for his Adhhan."

[Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi Hadith No. 209]

01 Nov

To say the ‘iQaamah in a child’s ear

A child is born. You say the
adhaan in his right ear; you say
the 'iQaamah in his left ear. 
To do this is mustahabb. Those
who follow this opinion use
the following hadith as evidence

Narrated Abu Rafi':

I saw the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) 
uttering the call to prayer (Adhan) 
in the ear of al-Hasan ibn Ali 
when Fatimah gave birth to him.

[Sunan Abi Dawud]

Ibn Hajar said in al-talkhiiS that
the chain of this hadith rests on
'aaSim bin 'ubaid Allaah who is
weak. 

Sheikh al-albaani graded the hadith
hasan.


Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh

31 Oct

Do you repeat the words of the ‘iQaamah

A person says the 'iQaamah.
You are to repeat the words
to yourself. When he says
حي على الصلاة you say
لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله and when he says
قد قامت الصلاة you say 
اقامها الله وادامها 

This is masnuun according to the 
Maaliki, Shaafi'i, and Hanbali
schools of thought. 

Saying the words of the 'iQaamah
is not masnuun according to the
Hanafi school of thought. You are
only to repeat the words of the
'adhaan according to the Hanafi
school of thought.


Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh

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