Category Archives: Fiqh

17 Nov

Two Rak’ah Sunnah before fajr

Do you recite loudly or silently in the two Rak'ah Sunnah which you pray before the fajr prayer?

 

One group has said you recite silently based on the following hadith:

 

It was narrated that Aishah said:

"I would see the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) praying two rak'ahs of Fajr and making them so brief that I said: 'Did he recite the Umm Al-Kitab in them?'"

[Sunan al-Nasaa’i Hadith No. 946]

 

The evidence is that had he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited loudly then she (may Allaah be pleased with her) would have known how much he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited.

 

The second group says that you are to recite loudly based on the following hadith

 

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited: "Say: O you disbelievers" and "Say: He is Allah, (the) One" in the two rak'ahs of [the Sunnah of] Fajr.

[Sunan al-Nasaa’i Hadith No. 945]

 

The evidence is that Abu Hurairah (may Allaah be pleased with him) could have only known which Suurah were recited had he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited out loud.

 

01 Nov

To pay to give the adhaan

You hire a person to say
the adhaan and 'iQaamah. 

You pay him.

This is not permissible.
The early Hanafis held this
view. This is also one view
among the Shaafi'i, Maaliki,
and Hanbali schools of thought.

The evidence is the following hadiith:

Uthman bin Abi Al-As narrated:

"Indeed, among the last (of orders) 
Allah's Messenger ordered me with was 
to employ a Mu'adh-dhin who would not 
take a wage for his Adhhan."

[Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi Hadith No. 209]

01 Nov

To say the ‘iQaamah in a child’s ear

A child is born. You say the
adhaan in his right ear; you say
the 'iQaamah in his left ear. 
To do this is mustahabb. Those
who follow this opinion use
the following hadith as evidence

Narrated Abu Rafi':

I saw the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) 
uttering the call to prayer (Adhan) 
in the ear of al-Hasan ibn Ali 
when Fatimah gave birth to him.

[Sunan Abi Dawud]

Ibn Hajar said in al-talkhiiS that
the chain of this hadith rests on
'aaSim bin 'ubaid Allaah who is
weak. 

Sheikh al-albaani graded the hadith
hasan.


Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh

31 Oct

Do you repeat the words of the ‘iQaamah

A person says the 'iQaamah.
You are to repeat the words
to yourself. When he says
حي على الصلاة you say
لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله and when he says
قد قامت الصلاة you say 
اقامها الله وادامها 

This is masnuun according to the 
Maaliki, Shaafi'i, and Hanbali
schools of thought. 

Saying the words of the 'iQaamah
is not masnuun according to the
Hanafi school of thought. You are
only to repeat the words of the
'adhaan according to the Hanafi
school of thought.


Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh

30 Oct

IQaamah is for which prayers

There is no 'iQaamah 
for the following prayers

 

  • Optional prayers
  • Witr
  • 'iid prayer(s)
  • istisQaa (prayer for rain)
  • Funeral prayer
  • Solar and Lunar Eclipse prayers

 

'iQaamah is for the five 
obligatory prayers and
for the Friday prayer.

The scholars are united
on this fact.


Reference(s):

Kuwaiti Encyclopedia of fiQh

All information on this website is free to be copied without modification. And it must be copied completely, with references intact.